In this tutorial I’m going to show you how to create and modify the internal walls of your building in AutoCAD Architecture.
At the bottom of this tutorial you can find a video screencast showing you how to create and modify the internal walls.
How to Create Internal Walls
In the following tutorial the internal walls of the Entry Level will be created. But before starting, let’s change some settings.
- First open the Options… panel by clicking on the Customize icon on the title bar of the command window.
On the displayed Options panel search for AEC Object Settings tab by stepping to the right, and set on it the value of the Autosnap Radius parameter to 500 mm [1’-8”].
Make sure that the Autosnap New Wall Justification Lines and the Autosnap Grip Edited Justification Lines are turned on.
Press OK to close the Option panel.
ATTENTION! This setting is valid only for the current drawing. The mechanism will be searching for existing walls at the ends of the new walls in 500 mm [1’-8”] radius and the new wall is automatically extended to that justification line (baseline). It makes significantly easier to respect the basic rules of the wall cleaning.
- Save the drawing with the Save command.
- Start to add the Brick-090 Brick-090 [Brick-4 Brick-4] type wall from the Walls palette.
- Before specifying the start point, check again on the Properties palette if the Width parameter is 180 mm [8”] (fixed value), the Base height parameter value is 2700 mm [9’-0”], and the Justify parameter is set to Center.
- As the start point – by turned on OSNAP – specify the intersection of the external wall and C grid line as shown in the figure.
- As the end point specify the intersection of the facing wall and C grid line, and then press ENTER.
- The next step is to modify the wall that you make a copy of the existing wall. Select the last inserted wall and start the Copy Style command from the Contextual Wall tab of the Ribbon.
- As a result the Wall Styles Properties panel opens at once, the name of the style is completed by a (2) number, and the new style is assigned to the originally selected wall.
- Click in the Name cell and type the new wall style Brick-100 [Brick-4]. At the same time delete the content of Description and Keynote cells not to be confusing.
- After renaming turn to the Components tab. Then go to the line of the Brick Veneer (Structural) signed 2, and then press the toggle of the Remove Components on the panel.
- Change the name of the remained component to Brick, the value of the Width to 100 mm [4”]. Priority, Edge Offset and Function column remain invariably (810, 0, Non-Structural) [810; 0”; Non-Structural]. And finally at the Dimension column set the checkboxes as shown in the figure.
After closing the panel with OK, finish the wall selection by pressing ESC.
There is a simple and effective technique for editing vertical internal wall starting some distance from the existing wall. This is the OTRACK (Object Snap Tracking) technique.
Next edit the wall as shown below, which bounds 1000 mm [3’-6”] wide stair from the right wall. Position its start point to the right place by using the OTRACK (Object Snap Tracking) technique.
- Make sure the OSNAP and the OTRACK toggles in the status bar are turned on.
- Select the last placed wall and click Add Selected on the Ribbon to place the other walls with the same Properties.
- The command effect is the similar than you would have started a new wall placing, so it asks to position it.
- Check the value of the Width is 100 mm [4”], the Base height is 2700 mm [9’-0”], and the Justify is Center on the Properties palette.
If everything is right, TOUCH the internal corner point of the external walls with the center of the crosshair to see the square sign of the ENDpoint.
DO NOT CLICK the point, but pull gently the crosshair horizontally on inside of the wall to display the dashed line of the Object Snap Tracking. A small X sign by the cursor and the prompt “ Endpoint XXX < 180,00º ” also display here. This indicates that the Object Snap Tracking has started and got 180° direction. Then let the mouse go and type the desired distance: 1000 [3’-6”] and press ENTER.
As the start point of the wall AutoCAD specifies the point horizontally 1000 mm [3’-6”] far, and you can drag the wall up with center justification. But if you need 1000 mm [3’-6”] clearance, you have to change the wall justification, not to be justified to the center. The wall justification can be changed by pressing SHIFT button during the current operation. Press it till the wall justification changes to Right.
Once this is done, snap to the PERpendicular and specify the other endpoints of the wall. Press ENTER to finish the wall drawing.
NOTE: During the operation the wall justification can be changed on the Properties palette. Using SHIFT button is more comfortable because it is not necessary to leave the drawing area with the cursor.
Press ESC to discard the selection of horizontal wall.
You can see the ready layout below in the figure, and you can find other wall creating and changing techniques in the published e-book, which guides you step by step.
- Save the drawing with the Save command.
How to Create the Final Layers of the Elevation Walls
Wall style used to elevation wall is a 190 mm [8”] thick CMU wall. But 80 mm [3”] thermal insulation and 120 mm [4”] thick brick are desired to use on the external face of the wall, so you would like to use three-layer wall. The next step is to change the external walls. So first you create a new wall style by copying the existing one, and you will set its parameters according to your demands.
You need some additional Material Definitions, which the drawing does not contain. From the Walls palette of the Tool Palettes, drag the CMU-190 Rigid-038 Air-50 Brick-090 Furring [CMU-8 Rigid-1.5 Air-2 Brick-4 Furring-2] wall style to the drawing area.
Drag the tool to the drawing area, wait till program loads the desired style to the drawing area, and prompt to select the start points.
Then press ESC to stop the insertion. With this method the wall has the desired style in the drawing and there are Material Definitions used by this wall style.
NOTE: The tools of the Tool Palettes can be used in two ways. The first is to click once on the tool, and the other is only to drag it into the drawing area.
- Select the top external wall and Right-Click. From the drop-up menu start the Copy Wall Style and Assign… command.
- Turn on the General tab of the Wall Style Properties panel. You can see that the command created a new version marked by (2) from the original wall style: CMU-190 (2) [CMU-8 (2)].
- Click in the Name cell and override the name of the wall style: CMU-190 Rigid-080 Brick-120 [CMU-8 Rigid-3 Brick-4]. At the same time delete the content of the Description and the Keynote cells, not to be annoying.
- After renaming, turn on the Components tab. Go to the CMU line marked 1 and press twice the Add Component toggle of the panel.
The command effects that the component with CMU name and with the same data will be copied to 2 and 3 index components. Rename the new 2 component to Rigid Insulation, number of the Priority to 600, the Width value to 80 mm [3”], the Edge Offset value to 0, and set to Non-Structural in the Function column, and set the checkboxes in the Dimension column to the status shown in the figure.
Override the name of the new component 3 to Brick, Priority to 810, the Width value to 120 mm [4”], the Edge Offset value to 80 mm [3”], set the Function column to Non-Structural, and the checkboxes in the Dimensions column to the status like in the figure.
Click on the Materials tab of the panel, and set the material of the Rigid Insulation to Thermal & Moisture.Insulation.Rigid Insulation and the material of the new Brick layer – for now – to Standard.
For retooling click on the Material Definition line of the component, so it becomes a drop-down list. Drop down the list and select from it the desired material.
- Select the Endcaps/Opening Endcaps tab, where the original endcaps styles assigned to the original wall styles are seen. The endcap styles of the original wall can not be used, so set – for now – all the Opening Endcaps to Standard style.
- Press OK to exit the Wall Style Properties panel. Now you can see in the drawing area that the wall style of the top wall chosen for copying got the new style. Discard the selection by pressing ESC.
- Left-Click to each and select all the external walls. You have to pay attention that the grips indicating selected status should be displayed on each wall.
Set the Style parameters of the selected (5 pieces) walls to CMU-190 Rigid-080 Brick-120 [CMU-8 Rigid-3 Brick-4].
The selected walls adopt the layers, the materials, etc. of the new style.
I hope you enjoyed this part of the AutoCAD Architecture video tutorials series. In the next article I’ll show you how to Insert Doors and Reposition within a Wall. If you liked this tutorial make sure you subscribe for more in the upper right corner (where you can also download the first chapters of my AutoCAD Architecture eBook free) and also subscribe to my YouTube channel.
If you would like to create the whole project of a two-story house with Sheets and Annotation, please follow the link and buy my eBook, which guides you step by step (Imperial and Metric version available).